Glossary of Document Capture Terms

Computer and Programming Terms

Computer and computer programming terms.


 

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ActiveX

 

Active X is a programming framework which is used to create reusable software objects in such a way as to be independent of the programming language. They are often used to deploy web components through the use of an installation action in Microsoft Internet Explorer.

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API

An application programming interface (API) is a source code-based specification intended to be used as an interface by software components to communicate with each other. An API may include specifications for routines, data structures, object classes, and variables. An API specification can take many forms, including an International Standard such as POSIX or vendor documentation such as the Microsoft Windows API, or the libraries of a programming language, e.g. Standard Template Library in C++ or Java API. An API differs from an ABI (Application Binary Interface) in that the former is source code based while the latter is a binary interface.

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ASCII

ASCII stands for the American Standard Code for Information Interchange. It is a character-encoding scheme originally based on the English alphabet where ASCII codes represent text in computers, communications equipment, and other devices that use text. Most modern character-encoding schemes are based on ASCII, though they support many additional characters.

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